Rice yield reports were remarkably great regardless of hot, dry conditions, and rates were up, however so were input expenses, according to a Texas A&M AgriLife Research specialist.
Lee Tarpley, Ph D., AgriLife Research plant physiologist, Beaumont, stated harvest is close to the mid-point for the primary Texas rice crop. Sunny days have actually enabled harvest devices to press the rate in many fields though some locations have actually gotten rains, which might indicate hold-ups.
“Yields have in fact been respectable– typical to above average, up until now,” he stated. “Producers have actually been benefiting from the great harvesting weather condition and were moving along quite rapidly.”
Rice yield reports better-than-expected
Tarpley associated the better-than-expected outcomes to lower bug and illness pressure, which is most likely due to low wetness and humidity levels from dry spell. Some manufacturers were reporting bad grain quality in rice, likely due to heat tension, however circumstances of lower grain quality were “occasionally.”
A prompt harvest might be essential for rice manufacturers to take full advantage of the ratoon crop capacity, Tarpley stated.
Ratoon rice crops are a 2nd crop of rice that is produced from plant regrowth following a cutting. Many manufacturers recover cost with the primary rice crop and discover revenues with the ratoon crop, Tarpley stated.
Ratoon fields are usually cut to 8-to-10-inch bristle height throughout the primary harvest, Tarpley stated, and brand-new development from the bristles’ lower nodes usually produces good secondary yields.
But hold-ups to harvest can cause greater cuts, which suggests the ratoon crop is produced from upper branches. Tarpley stated the upper branches can bring grains to maturity quicker, however yields are much lower.
Delays might be of higher issue this year due to the fact that many Texas rice fields were planted behind typical, he stated. Fields usually planted in early March were planted in late March or early April this season due to low temperature levels and/or rain.
The late start might worsen any hold-ups as rice manufacturers prepare and cut their primary crop at a height finest matched to produce fully grown ratoon crop grains prior to temperature levels drop listed below about 50 degrees in the fall, Tarpley stated.
Tarpley stated some fields east of Houston got heavy rains over the weekend that will likely postpone harvest for numerous days. Rice fields around Bay City and other rice-producing locations have high capacity to get rains for the next number of weeks.
“Folks who have not gathered might be postponed and battle to squeeze in a harvest,” he stated. “They require to get the ratoon surface and going to get the great yields associated with that lower stubble cut and in time to beat winter that usually appears in November.”
Another issue for Texas’ ratoon crop might be possible water limitations due to ongoing dry spell, Tarpley stated. Restrictions have actually currently cut off canal watering in locations west of Houston, which will avoid ratoon crop production for impacted manufacturers.
Rice acres stagnant, rates up a little
Tarpley stated planted acreage was down rather however still proficient at 175,000 acres. Texas rice manufacturers planted 186,000 rice acres in 2021 and 181,000 in 2020.
“The planted acres number was much better than anticipated,” he stated. “There was some issue that some manufacturers may not plant due to the fact that of the high input expenses.”
Texas long-grain rice was $30-$ 32.25 per hundredweight for white and $33.50 per hundredweight for wild rice, according to theAug. 8 U.S. Department of Agriculture report Last year, general rates for Texas rice were more than $2 greater– $30.70 per hundredweight– than the five-year average of $28.50 per hundredweight.
Rice rates did not follow other grains like wheat and corn to historical highs following the Russian intrusion of Ukraine, he stated. Tarpley stated India’s federal government was supporting production to control the marketplace with lower-priced rice.
Prices did begin climbing up in May and stay a little much better than in 2015. But as input expenses like fertilizer and diesel increased to historical highs, rate capacity for growers rice stayed fairly stagnant, Tarpley stated.
AgriLife Extension district press reporters assembled the following summaries:
Dry conditions continued. Soil wetness levels were really brief. Corn harvest was nearing conclusion with minimized yields reported. Grain sorghum was a failure. Cotton continued to hold on regardless of heats and low wetness, and yield capacity was looking below par. Concerns were embeding in about getting wheat developed with restricted soil wetness. Pasture conditions were really bad and continued to decrease. Cattle body condition ratings were starting to reduce due to bad grazing conditions. Producers were feeding hay and other forage supplements however were choosing livestock. Stock tanks/ponds were a significant issue, and numerous were going dry.
Conditions were hot and dry. Sporadic rains were gotten. Pastures were mainly brown. Some fieldwork was performed in preparation for wheat planting. Many corn, sorghum and forage crops were failures. Some corn manufacturers were reporting 25% harvestable grain. Some sorghum fields were going out. Cotton yields were anticipated to be down with many cotton in northern locations having a hard time from dry spell. Livestock manufacturers were offering additional feed or offering animals. Water sources were beginning to get low, and hay materials were restricted. Producers were evaluating forage for prussic acid and nitrate poisoning prior to turning livestock on pastures.
Isolated showers were reported, however the district stayed in severe dry spell. Cotton and rice harvests were underway and advancing rapidly in the hot, dry weather. Cotton yields were listed below typical. All corn and sorghum fields were gathered. Rangeland and pastures were intensifying, and even well-managed pastures remained in bad shape. A little hay under watering was being gathered. Cattle manufacturers were actively baling corn, grain sorghum and rice stubble as alternative forages in action to the present dry spell, however there were issues about nitrates and prussic acid. More livestock were being required to regional auctions as pastures and resources were diminished. The pecan crop looked great, and fungal issues have actually been nonexistent with the absence of wetness; manufacturers were needing to water greatly.
The district got a little rains, however storms triggered heavy damage and did not alleviate dry spell conditions. Polk County reported increased wildfire activity. Pasture and rangeland conditions were really bad. Subsoil and topsoil conditions were really brief. Many manufacturers were feeding hay or cubes or a mix for supplements. Beef livestock herds continued to be sold. Stock pond and creek water levels were drying up. Anderson County reported an issue with insects.
The district got a short shower, however conditions stayed really dry. Some dryland cotton was starting to flower, however plants were just about 6 inches high. Bollworms were starting to get in non-Bt cotton. Corn earworm numbers increased as the corn dried down.
Some parts of the Panhandle got much-needed rains. Southern parts of the district gotten from 2-6 inches of rain. Large parts of the district stayed incredibly dry. Producers in locations that got substantial rains must have sufficient wetness to round off the cotton crop and have some soil wetness to get early planted wheat to emerge. While the rain was most helpful for the crops, it did not take wish for the wetness to dissipate due to incredibly heats. Irrigation continued for the majority of the district. Rangeland and pasture conditions were really bad to bad. Crop conditions were reasonable to great.
Topsoil wetness throughout the district was really brief. Some counties got spread showers, however hot, windy conditions continued. Sorghum was gathered for grain and after that baled for hay. Grass along the sides of highways was being baled for hay too. Hay rates continued to increase, and individuals were getting desperate. Crops and pastures without watering were suffering. More livestock were being offered weekly as grazing and hay materials continued to decrease.
Daytime temperature levels stayed over 100 degrees, and conditions continued to decrease. Some field preparation started in hopes that rain would enable fall planting of little grains. Cotton was advancing quick with the sun and heat. Corn and sorghum harvests began and was nearly total due to the fact that of the low variety of acres. Yields were down. The pecan crop was going to be really brief. Fewer cows were at the regional sale barn today due to the fact that a lot of were sold currently. Ranchers were attempting to hold on to the nucleus of the herd, however hay was at a severe premium if it might be discovered.
Hot, dry conditions continued throughout the district. There were a couple of scattered shower in some locations, however none supplied significant rains. Pumping capability for watering wells continued to decrease in locations. Fortunately, crops in a number of those fields were fully grown and yields will not be significantly affected. Corn and sorghum harvests neared conclusion with below-average yields reported. Cotton was growing. Pastures continued to decrease, and additional feeding of animals continued. Livestock were being offered due to the brief supply and expense of hay.
Northern, eastern and western parts of the district reported really brief soil wetness levels and southern locations reported really brief to sufficient soil wetness. Daytime temperature levels were at or above 100 degrees daily with a high of 110 degrees reported. Crop and grazing conditions decreased due to the severe heat. Irrigated crops, consisting of watermelons and cantaloupes, were faring well. Corn was entirely gathered, and the cotton crop was at the mid-season point. Some cotton revealed indications of wetness stress/wilting. Producers reported corn, sorghum or cotton failures. Cotton harvest remained in full speed in some locations, and bales were being provided to gins. Peanut fields continued to establish pods under watering. Citrus and sugarcane were getting watering. Pecan orchards were succeeding. Bermuda turf stem maggot invasions were reported by regional manufacturers, and hay fields were being prepped for the next cutting. Pasture and rangeland conditions continued to decrease with little to no grazing readily available for animals and wildlife. Supplemental feeding continued and was required to preserve body condition ratings. Local beef livestock manufacturers continued to thin their herds. Water levels were incredibly low, and some manufacturers were transporting water. Whitetail deer fawn and quail crops were not anticipated to be great.
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